Training your triceps isn’t just about aesthetics either, as Olu Adepitan, head of fitness at BXR London, explains. “Not only do well developed triceps look good, but they can also enhance sporting performance, because of the association of triceps strength with punch power or throwing a ball at speed.”
Below, Adepitan as well as Annabelle Breakenridge, head trainer at F45 Peckham Rye, Carl Martin, personal training manager at Equinox, and our good selves, guide you through a selection of beginner, intermediate and advanced triceps exercises, so all gym-goers – however experienced – should find some inspiration for their next arms session.
“Attach a straight or angled bar to a high pulley,” says Adepitan, “and hold it with your palms facing down (overhand grip) and your hands shoulder-width apart. Standing upright with your torso straight, bring your upper arms close to your body and perpendicular to the floor. Your forearms should be pointing up towards the pulley.
“Using your triceps to move your forearms, bring the bar down until it touches the front of your thighs with your arms fully extended and perpendicular to the floor. Your upper arms should remain stationary next to your torso. After holding for one second at the contracted position, bring the bar slowly back up to the starting point. Exhale as you bring the bar down and breathe in as you return to the start position.”
“Start by setting a bar attachment (straight or EZ-bar) on a high pulley of the cable machine,” says Adepitan. “Facing the bar attachment with feet shoulder-width apart, grab it with palms facing up (supinated grip) and hands shoulder-width apart. Lower the bar by using your lats until your arms are fully extended by your sides with elbows tucked in.
“Moving your forearms but keeping your elbows and upper arms stationary by your sides, slowly bring the bar attachment up, inhaling as you go, until it is at chest height. Lower the cable bar back to the starting position while exhaling and contracting the triceps.”
“Attach a rope to the bottom pulley of the cable machine,” says Adepitan. “Face away from the pulley and, holding the rope with both hands with palms facing each other (neutral grip), extend your arms until your hands are directly above your head. Your elbows should be in close to your head and the arms should be perpendicular to the floor with the knuckles pointing to the ceiling.
“Slowly lower the rope behind your head as you hold the upper arms stationary. Inhale as you perform this movement and pause when your triceps are fully stretched. Breathe out as you return to the starting position by flexing your triceps.”
The diamond press-up variation may put more focus on the triceps, but when you’re starting out it’s a good idea to split the work between your chest and triceps so you can complete the optimal number of reps with good form.
Start on all fours, supporting yourself on your toes and palms with your arms extended and hands under your shoulders. Your body should form a straight line between your shoulders, hips and heels. Take approximately three seconds to lower your chest to the ground, keeping your elbows tight to your sides. Once your chest is roughly 5cm off the ground, press back up with force, taking one second to return to the top position.
Grab two light dumbbells, no heavier than 2kg or 3kg each. Stand with your feet squared and knees slightly bent. Hold the dumbbells in front of your chin with your palms facing you and throw a straight punch at head height – standing in front of a mirror can help you keep to the right height throughout. The punch should end with your arm fully extended, your torso rotated to extend your reach and your palm facing the ground. Alternate arms with each punch, working at speed. Work to time rather than sets and reps.
“Position yourself on the left side of the bench with your right knee and right hand resting on it,” says Adepitan. “Using a neutral grip, pick up the dumbbell with your left hand. Keep your back straight and look forward. Tuck your left upper arm close to your torso and bend at the elbow, forming a 90° angle with your upper arm and forearm.
“Moving only below the elbow, raise the dumbbell behind you until your arm is fully extended. Pause, and then lower the dumbbell back to the starting position. Repeat this movement for the desired number of reps and then switch to your right arm.”
Using dumbbells rather than the cable machine works each arm individually, helping to even out any strength imbalances in your triceps. The move is done in the same way as with a cable machine. Start holding both dumbbells above your head with your arms extended.
“With your elbows tucked in close to your ears, hinge at the elbow to move the dumbbells behind your head and then extend back fully to the top,” says Breakenridge.
“Stand directly in front of the weight stack in a staggered stance,” says Adepitan. “With your right hand, grasp a single handle attached to the high pulley using an underhand grip so your palm faces up. Pull the handle down so that your upper arm and elbow are locked in to the side of your body. Your upper arm and forearm should form an acute angle (less than 90°).
“Contract your triceps and breathe out as you move your forearm to bring the attachment down to your side until your arm is straight. Squeeze your triceps and hold for a second in this contracted position. Slowly return the handle to the starting position. Complete all reps, then switch arms.”
“Place two flat benches parallel to one another, around 1-1.5m apart (adjust the width to suit your height),” says Adepitan. “Place your hands on the edge of the bench, around shoulder-width apart, and put your heels on the edge of the other bench.
“Keeping your body close to the bench, slowly lower in a dip until your elbows are at the same height as your shoulders. Slowly push back up, squeezing through the triceps. Do not lock out your elbows at the top of the exercise.”
If you’ve spotted someone doing this in the gym you probably assumed the queue for the bench press got out of hand, but there are more benefits to the floor press than simply avoiding a wait. By pressing from the floor you place less strain on your shoulders, and because your arms hit the floor after each rep you momentarily relieve your muscles of the load, which makes initiating every rep more of a challenge.
Lie on the floor holding a barbell above your chest with your arms extended. Slowly lower it to your chest until your upper arms touch the ground, then press it above you.
This is another pressing exercise that’s less stressful for your shoulders than the bench or overhead press. The landmine press hits your triceps hard, along with your chest and shoulders, and can be performed using a dedicated landmine holder for the bar or simply by wedging one end of the bar into a corner (if your gym won’t mind scuff marks on the wall).
You can do the lift one- or two-handed. With the former, adopt a split stance with one foot in front of the other and begin holding the weight by your shoulder. When using two hands, stand with your feet shoulder-width apart and press the bar from the middle of your chest.
While the close-grip bench press (below) shifts the focus to your triceps, the standard move still requires your arms to put in a shift. Lie on a weight bench, holding a barbell with your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart and arms extended. Lower the bar towards your chest until the barbell reaches your chest, taking three seconds to complete this phase, then push up for a count of one second.
“Position yourself on the Roman chair (find a gym staff member to help you if you’ve not used one before),” says Adepitan. “Bend your knees, slowly lower yourself, then press back up. Make sure to look up, keep your body straight and keep your elbows next to your body so they bend back behind you, rather than out to the sides.”
“Lie with your back on a flat bench,” says Adepitan. “With hands around shoulder-width apart, lift the barbell from the rack and hold it straight over you with your arms locked.
“Lower the bar slowly until the bar touches the middle of your chest, inhaling as you go. Make sure that, as opposed to a regular bench press, you keep the elbows close to your torso at all times in order to maximise the involvement of your triceps. Pause for a second, then press the bar back to the starting position using your triceps muscles, exhaling as you go. Lock your arms in the contracted position, hold for a second and then start coming down slowly again. It should take at least twice as long to go down than to come up.”
“This is similar to the standard press-up, but you bring your hands together and form a diamond shape with your index fingers and thumbs, which puts more emphasis on the triceps as you perform the exercise,” says Breakenridge.
Make sure you keep your elbows close to your sides as you drop down and push back up – this will ensure you are hitting your triceps as hard as possible.
“The French press is an important exercise for the long head of the triceps,” says Martin, “but if done incorrectly it can place a huge amount of stress on the elbow joint.
“Set a bench on a high incline (90° or a notch shy of). Hold the bar overhead with a narrow grip and your elbows facing forwards. Bend at the elbows, then allow the weight of the bar to pull your arms back until your forearms are next to your head. Then drag your elbows forwards while pressing the bar back up to the start position. Use a controlled motion throughout and make sure your elbows don’t flare during the movement. To help keep tension in the muscles, don’t fully lock the elbows at the top.”
“Many gym-goers place an undue amount of stress on their elbow joints,” says Martin, “so if you’re going to do triceps extensions of any kind where you flex the elbow, dumbbells are preferable because they allow a greater range of movement. Lying on a flat bench, press two dumbbells above your head with your elbows facing forwards. Lower the dumbbells towards your shoulders by flexing at the elbow. Once there, return to the start by contracting your triceps and extending your elbows until the dumbbells are back overhead. Don’t fully lock the elbows at the top so that you maintain tension in the muscles.”
This classic core-buster is also tough on the arms – you may well find you can’t get airborne for the L-sit if your abs are willing but your triceps are weak. Sit with your legs outstretched in front of you and your palms pressed into the floor by your sides. Maintaining that seated position, push yourself off the floor and hold for as long as you can.
Hold a weight above your head, then bring it closer to your head. Yep, we’ll file this one under “advanced”. As simple as it sounds, it’s not for beginners.
Lie on your back on a flat bench holding two dumbbells with your arms extended straight up and palms facing. For (hopefully) obvious reasons, choose a light weight while you familiarise yourself with the form and demands of the move.
Keeping your upper arms stationary throughout, bend at your elbows to slowly lower the weights under control towards your forehead, then use your triceps to raise the dumbbells back to the start. You can use an EZ-bar or a barbell, but there’s a greater chance of losing control with these, so only consider them once you’ve truly mastered the dumbbell version.
This variation is a great way to build explosive power in your triceps. If you love to prove the haters wrong, the sound of the solitary slow hand-clap you’re giving yourself may spur you on to go the extra mile.
Start in the standard top press-up position with your core braced. Lower your chest towards the ground, then push up explosively. As your body comes up, bring your hands off the ground and clap them together, then place them down again before your face hits the floor.
Everything you need to know to safely perform this classic chest builder, as well as expert tips to fine-tune your bench press form
Using the cable machine for this triceps exercise provides resistance across the full range of the move
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